MUSEUM OF ITALIAN PARACHUTITSTS ROOM 7
Division Parachutists “NEMBO” ITALIAN CORP OF LIBERATION – Fight Group Folgore 1943/45
From Calabria, the 185th Regiment Parachutists, lost a part of the 8th Battalion for war events and the 3rd Battalion back with german, renovated in the organics, will be located in Puglia for training motivations and here born the 1st Squadron for Recognition Folgore, called “Squadrone F” , leaded by Captain Francesco GAY, at the dipendences of the 13th English Corp, at one group of operators for the Military Information System (S.I.M.) and at 185th Repart “Arditi Paracadutisti" Nembo leaded by Captain Angelo MASSIMINO, born with the 9th Battalion and the rests of the 3rd and 8th Battalions. Early in January 1944 enters in the 1st Motorized Group, that will be changed in April 1944 in Italian Corp of Liberation. This corp fight on the front of the Gustav Line having avid fights at Mainarde , at Monte Marrone and at Monte San Michele. Next it’s sent to the Training Battle School of San Vito dei Normanni for the jump training with english parachute, by american airplanes, Dakota DC 3, in training for one operative jump, expected on 1 August, behind enemy lines, on Emilian Appennine, operation “BATEPISTE”, next cancelled, with parachutists just ready to go. In Sardinia the Nembo Division leaded by Gen. Giorgio MORIGI, reduced in the organic in only 2 regiments, after long months of training come back in Naples in May 1944 and, at the dipendences of the 8th English Army Corp, begins the Liberation Campaign on the Adriatic Front, with a great tribute of blood, freeing in June Chieti, in 9 July Filottrano and Iesi at the first of August. In September the Nembo Division and the 185th Rep. “Arditi” Parachutists Nembo will be loosed and their soldiers will form the Regiment Parachutists “Nembo” (1st Battalion, 2nd and 3rd) that, with the Marine Regiment “San Marco” (Battalions Grado,Carole e Bafile) and the Company Partisans “Bianconcini” complete the organic of the new Fight Groupo Folgore. The Group, located between Senio and Santerno valleys, on the Romagna Appennines, has avid fights until to the decisive fight happened on 19 April in Grizzano with the assalt of the parachutists of the 2nd Battalion leaded by Lieutenant Colonel IZZO against German parachutists of Major Hubner, forced to retire from the city.
On 20 April 1945 the Parachutists of the Squadron “F” and of the Nembo Centuria, in the operation called “Herring 1”, make an operative jump behind enemy lines, in Poggio Rusco area, on the route between Modena-Mantova and Bologna-Ferrara-Mantova, escape way for the Germans to the Brennero, last action of the Parachutists of the Italian Liberation Army. The Fight Group “Folgore”, placed at the defense of the Brennero and Resia passes, in Alto Adige, on 5 June takes the delicated border area.