MUSEUM OF ITALIAN PARACHUTISTS ROOM 6
Division Infantry Parachutists “NEMBO” – Istria, Sicily, Sardinia 1943
The 184th Division NEMBO, second division parachutists, born around at the group of departements of Folgore not sent in Africa, and it’s leaded by General of Division Ercole RONCO. From November 1942 it’s located in Tuscany, in Livorno, 183rd Regiment Parachutists leaded by Colonel Parachutist Giuseppe Quaroni, in Pistoia, 184th Regiment Parachutists leaded by Lieutenant Colonel Bruno Renzoni, in Prato, 184th Regiment Artillery Parachutists leaded by Lieutenant Colonel Parachutist Mario Accili, in Florence, the Command of the Division, Headquarter and 185th Regiment Parachutists leaded by Colonel Parachutist Giannetto Parodi, in Pise, 184° Battalion Spoilers leaded by Captain Parachutist Francesco Conte, and the Autonomous Companies of divisional support. Just from April 1943 some battalions, the 3rd and the 9th, are used near Gorizia, in Vicopacco, Postumia, Aidussina and Montenero of Idria, in a cycle of antiguerrilla operations to clear the area, subject to the continual incursions of Tito forces. On the next June, the complete 185th Regiment Parachutists (IIIrd,VIIIth,XIth) is sent first in Puglia to monitoring the airports of Galatina, San Pancrazio and Leverano and from here, in Calabria and next in Sicily, to block angloamerican forces that, landed on 10 July, had started the Campaign of Italy. The most of the Nembo Division, landed in Palau, in Sardinia, is used to defend the ports and the airports of the island, divided in tactical groups. In Viterbo, in the meantime, is gradually formed one third Division Parachutists, the “CICLONE”, leaded by General of Brigade Giorgio MORIGI that, at the end of August, had 4 battalions, one of which (the 19th), just operative and located near Florence, and 1 artillery group. In the morning of 8 September 1943 happens in Calabria, in Aspromonte, the last accanito avid fight between parachutists of the 8th Battalion and canadian forces, few hours before the armistice that causes dramatic reactions and conflicting decisions for italian regiments that will choose to continue to fight at German side or to begin to fight with the new Angloamerican ally. In Tuscany the 19th Battalion leaded by Major BLOTTO, located on the Apennine passes of Futa, Giogo and of Casaglia, just the evening of 9 September fight so avid against German forces that they try to force the bolck, fight that end on 12 September when enemy forces win against italian parachutists. Also the 20th Battalion, leaded by Captain D’ABBUNDO, to defend the National Telephone Central near Viterbo, is attacked and suffer the same fate. While in Calabria, a part of the 3rd Battalion and in Sardinia, a part of the 12th follow the old german ally to join in the Italian Social Republic, the Nembo Division, with reduced organic, remains faithful at the King oath and join the Campaign of Italy in the Royal Army of South.