MUSEUM OF ITALIAN PARACUTISTS ROOM 2
Italian Parachutists in the First World War – The parachutism from 1920 up to 1938
Leonardo da Vinci, with his own studies of the flight, in 1495 processes what was the first parachute of history at rigid structure and he leaves the drawing and notes in the sheet 381 of the “ATLANTIC CODE” today preserved in museums in England. Fausto Veranzio from Sebenico dedicated himself to the study of a rectangular parachute at rigid structure and in 1616 he jumps from a tower in Venezia landing unharmed: he was the first parachutist of the history. Montgolfier in 1699, Lenormand in 1783 and in 1785 Blanchard will develop the structure of the parachute but we need to arrive in 1799 when the brothers Garnerin execute jumps with a parachute without rigid bearing structure.
The Italian military paratroopers during the First World War in 1917 with the Lieutenant. HARDOUIN from Gallese that who was the first to jump from an altitude of 1.200 metres from an aerostatic balloon. Parachute, a NEED of life for the Observers from the “DRAKEN” – tethered balloons that inflated with helium, once hit by bullets tracers, burn immediately, a CHOOSE for the four Officials that from August 1918 jump for the Military Informatic Service over the Piave, behind Austro-hungarian lines. The veil of the parachute used, model “CALTHROP (English production), was stowed in containers hanging to the airplane or to the spacecraft of the Draken and it was linked between a rope, in dorsal position, to5 the harness, dressed by the Parachutist.
Immediately after the war, the pioneers of parachutism perform in European skies in aeronautic performances and between them, emerge the Italians Alfredo ERENO and the Captain Pilot Prospero FRERI, to which you must the study and the development, in the early 20’s, of a parachute model named “AERODISCENSORE”, similar to the model used during the World War and, from 1924, some models “SALVATOR”, Type A, Type B, D.30, first italian parachute entirely dressed by the parachutist, the next D.37, D.39 and the final D.40. The various models will be used both as an emergency parachute by the flight personnel of the air force and to the launch of paratroopers. The launch of the era were made only for propaganda purposes or demonstrations.